>> Fiber Compatibility – 50 μm and 62.5 μm Fibers
It is important to understand fiber compatibility, especially if different fiber types will be used in a given location. According to standards, multimode cable plants should maintain uniform fiber types in each link, including jumpers and patch cables.
To be compliance with standards, you should maintain consistent core sizes within a multimode fiber cable plant. However, in situations where mixing core sizes are unavoidable, it is technically feasible to combine 50 μm and 62.5 μm fibers in a single link using either LED or laser sources.
Single-mode fiber is not compatible with either 50 μm or 62.5 μm multimode fibers.
Corning performed extensive physical tests and computer simulations on combining 50 μm and 62.5 μm fiber. Initially, laser sources were tested for mixing fiber coupling losses (62.5 μm into 50 μm, and vice versa).
Tests found no significant coupling losses, which indicate that 50 μm and 62.5 μm fibers are fully compatible with laser sources as shown in Figure 1.
This result was no surprise since lasers have a relatively small spot size that launches light into the center of the fiber.
Next, LED sources were tested with 50 μm and 62.5 μm mixed media cable plants. As illustrated in Figure 2, no failures were found in 1300 nm LED systems after 20,000 trials were simulated.
In addition, 20,000 trials of 850 nm LEDs showed similar results, as illustrated in Figure 3.
Intuitively this is less obvious, since the theoretical mismatch of core size and numerical aperture between the fiber types should lead to approximately a 4 dB coupling loss.
However, a one-time attenuation loss of approximately 2 dB is experienced when coupling 62.5 μm fiber into 50 μm fiber with LEDs, because the mode power distribution of LEDs is not always uniformly overfilled.
In simulations this smaller loss was covered by the excess power budget of the system, and was independent of the number of connectors and fiber type changes that occur in a cable run.
>> Fiber Compatibility – Fibers of Same Core Size with Different Bandwidths
According to standards, multimode fiber cable plants should maintain uniform fiber types in each link, including jumpers and patch cables. Corning recommends compliance with standards by maintaining uniform bandwidth types in a single link. Again, in those applications where mixing fiber bandwidth types are unavoidable, it is technically feasible to do so.
In this case, since the fiber geometries are identical, the primary consideration will be modal bandwidth. Corning evaluated the impact of modal bandwidth combinations by modeling inter-symbol-interference differences, differential mode delay differences, and comparing standards-defined link length capabilities. The following “rules of thumb” are offered:
50 μm fiber
- InfiniCor® 600 fiber (510 MHz.km at 850 nm) counts as 4.5 meters in a system with InfiniCor® SX+ fiber (2000 MHz.km at 850 nm)
- InfiniCor® SXi fiber (850 MHz.km at 850 nm) counts as 2 meters in a system with InfiniCor SX+ fiber (2000 MHz.km at 850 nm)
62.5 μm fiber
- InfiniCor® 300 fiber (220 MHz.km at 850 nm) counts as 1.7 meters in a system with InfiniCor® CL-1000 fiber (385 MHz.km at 850 nm)
For example, consider a standards-compliant InfiniCor SX+ fiber system with a 298 meter backbone and two each 1 meter patchcords, for a total link length of 300 meters at 10 Gb/s.
If two meters of InfiniCor 600 fiber patchcords are instead used (1 meter at each end), they will behave like 2 x 4.5 = 9 meters of InfiniCor SX+ fiber. The total link length capability then becomes 300 – 9 = 291 meters, where the backbone length is 291 – 2 = 289 meters.
>> Fiber Compatibility – Fibers from Different Manufacturers
Standards-compliant fibers are fully compatible in standard-compliant links, regardless of manufacturer.
With the InfiniCor family of laser-optimized fibers, Corning is able to offer engineered link capabilities that are greater than those outlined in applications standards.
These extra-standards link lengths are enabled by the superior laser bandwidth measurement techniques unique to Corning Incorporated. Therefore, InfiniCor link lengths are achievable only with InfiniCor fibers.
Table 1 outlines the link lengths enabled by Corning InfiniCor fibers.