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Fiber Optic Systems Standards and Recommendations

Here we list some of the international and national standards that govern optical cable characteristics and measurement methods.

This may not be a complete list, but it covers most of the standard bodies.

 

:: International Standards

There are two main groups that cover international standards: IEC and ITU.

1. IEC – International Electrotechnical Commission

IEC is a global organization and it makes international standards that covers all electrical, electronic, and related technologies. These international standards serve as a basis for national standardization.

IEC is composed of many technical committees. Each committee prepares technical documents on specific subjects. For example, TC86 committee focuses on fiber optics, and its subcommittees SC86A, SC86B, and SC86C focus on one corresponding particular subject.

  • SC86A – Fibers and Cables
  • SC86B – Fiber Optic Interconnecting Devices and Passive Components
  • SC86C – Fiber Optic Systems and Active Devices

2. ITU – International Telecommunication Union

ITU is an international organization. They define guidelines, technical characteristics, and specifications for telecom systems, networks, and services. They also cover optical fiber performance and test & measurement applications.

ITU is composed of three different sectors.

  • Radiocommunication Sector (ITU-R)
  • Telecommunication Standardization Sector (ITU-T)
  • Telecommunication Development Sector (ITU-D)

 

:: National Standards

On the other hand, countries also define their own standards (usually based on international standards) in order to customize or fine tune the requirements to the specificity of their country.

Below we are only listing ETSI and TIA/EIA. But it is important to know that many other standard organizations exist in other countries.

1. ETSI – European Telecommunications Standards Institute

The European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) defines telecommunications standards and is responsible for the standardization of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) within Europe.

These technologies include telecommunications, broadcasting, and their related technologies, such as intelligent transportation and medical electronics.

2. TIA/EIA – Telecommunication Industries Association/Electronic Industries Alliance

THE TIA provides additional recommendations for the United States (USA).

TIA is accredited by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) to develop industry standards for a wide variety of telecommunications products.

The committees and subcommittees define standards for fiber optics, user premises equipment, network equipment, wireless communications, and satellite communications.

 

:: Fiber Optic Standards

  • IEC 61300-3-35 – Fiber Optic Connector End Face Visual Inspection
  • IEC 60793-1 and –2  – Optical Fibers (includes several parts)
  • IEC 60794-1, –2, and –3 – Optical Fiber Cables
  • G.651 – Characteristics of 50/125um Multimode Graded-Index Optical Fiber
  • G.652 – Characteristics of Single-mode Optical Fiber and Cable
  • G.653 – Characteristics of Single-mode Dispersion Shifted Optical Fiber and Cable
  • G.654 – Characteristics of Cut-off Shifted Single-mode Optical Fiber and Cable
  • G.655 – Characteristics of Non-zero Dispersion Shifted Single-mode Optical Fiber and Cable
  • G.656 – Characteristics of Non-zero Dispersion Shifted Fiber for Wideband Transport
  • G.657 – Characteristics of a Bending Loss Insensitive Single-mode Fiber for Access Networks

 

:: Test and Measurement Standards

1. Generic Test Standards

  • IEC 61350 – Power Meter Calibration
  • IEC 61746 – OTDR Calibration
  • G.650.1 – Definition and Test Methods for Linear, Deterministic Attributes of Single-mode Fiber and Cable
  • G.650.2 – Definition and Test Methods for Statistical and Non-linear Attributes of Single-mode Fiber and Cable

2. PMD (Polarization Mode Dispersion) Test Standards

  • G.650.2 – Definition and Test Methods for Statistical and Non-linear Attributes of Single-mode Fiber and Cable
  • IEC 60793 1-48  – Optical Fibers – Part 1-48: Measurement Methods and Test Procedures – Polarization Mode Dispersion
  • IEC/TS 61941 – Technical Specifications for Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurement Techniques for Single-mode Optical Fiber
  • IEC 61280-3/TIA/TR-1029 – Calculation of Polarization
  • TIA 455 FOTP-124A – Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurement for Single-mode Optical Fiber and Cable Assemblies by Interferometry
  • TIA 455 FOTP-113 – Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurement of Single-mode Optical Fiber by the Fixed Analyzer Method
  • TIA 455 FOTP-122A – Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurement for Single-mode Optical Fiber by the Stokes Parameter Method
  • TIA TSB-107 – Guidelines for the Statistical Specification of Polarization Mode Dispersion on Optical Fiber Cables
  • TIA 455-196 – Guidelines for Polarization Mode Measurements in Single-mode Fiber Optic Components and Devices
  • GR-2947-CORE – Generic Requirements for Portable Polarization Mode Dispersion (PMD) Test Sets
  • IEC 61280-4-4 – Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurement for Installed Links
  • TIA 445 FOTP-243 – Polarization Mode Dispersion Measurement for Installed Single-mode Optical Fibers by Wavelength-scanning OTDR and State of Polarization Analysis

3. CD (Chromatic Dispersion) Test Standards

  • G.650.1 – Definition and Test Methods for Linear, Deterministic Attributes of Single-mode Fiber and Cable
  • IEC 60793 1-42: Optical Fibers – Part 1-42 – Measurement Methods and Test Procedures – Chromatic Dispersion
  • IEC 61744 – Calibration of Fiber Optic Chromatic Dispersion Test Sets
  • TIA/EIA FOTP-175-B – Chromatic Dispersion Measurement of Single-mode Optical Fibers
  • GR-761-CORE – Generic Criteria for Chromatic Dispersion Test Sets
  • GR-2854-CORE – Generic Requirements for Fiber Optic Dispersion Compensators
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